Taking coffee, whether regular or decaffeinated, may help reduce the risk of getting colorectal cancer, new study says.
Researchers from United States and Israel have released a report that suggests taking at least 2.5 coffee servings everyday helps protect against colorectal cancer and lowers the risk by half.
The study which was carried out jointly by the researchers was influenced by the rising cases of the cancer.
According to the American Cancer Society (ACS), colorectal cancer which affects the rectal and colon region is the second most common form of cancer in the US after skin cancer. Latest figures indicate that 95,000 are afflicted by colon cancer while 39,000 people will have rectal cancer by the end of the year.
The ACS estimates that the lifetime risk of getting colorectal cancer is higher in men than women and 1 out of 21 men will develop it compared to 1 in 23 women.
Dr. Stephen Gruber, Senior Study author at Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Southern California (USC) together with his fellow researchers from the institute and Israel recently publicized a report suggesting that coffee, a favorite beverage in America, could help minimize the risk.
In the findings published in the journal of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, the team analyzed data from 9,242 individuals; 5,145 had colorectal cancer while the remaining 4,097 didn’t have the ailment.
In the case-controlled and population-based study known as Molecular Epidemiology of Colorectal Cancer (MECC), it was discovered that taking a minimum of 2.5 coffee servings per day lowered the risk of developing the cancer by 50 percent.
The participants were required to fill a questionnaire detailing their daily food consumption, daily intake of different coffee types (filter, decaffeinated, and espresso) as well as other beverages.
The study also took details of issues such as level of physical activity, family history, diet, smoking habits, and other aspects that could directly or indirectly influence colorectal cancer risk.
Findings from the study show consuming one to two daily servings lowered the risk by 26%.The risk was much lower in individuals who drank more coffee; consuming at least 2.5 servings daily lowered the risk by half or 50 percent.
According Dr. Gruber, they were astounded to notice that caffeine which is major component didn’t play a key role in the results. Besides caffeine there are other vital ingredients in coffee and people taking decaffeinated coffee also experienced the positive effects.
Dr. Gruber, states that although the current findings are quite encouraging, more research needs to be done to ascertain the workings of coffee. Also, the participants were drawn in Northern Israel where coffee is consumed at a lower degree compared to the US.